LN(1) User Commands LN(1)
ln – make links between files
ln [OPTION]… [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME (1st form)
ln [OPTION]… TARGET (2nd form)
ln [OPTION]… TARGET… DIRECTORY (3rd form)
ln [OPTION]… -t DIRECTORY TARGET… (4th form)
In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME.
In the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in the current directory.
In the 3rd and 4th forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY.
Create hard links by default, symbolic links with –symbolic. When
creating hard links, each TARGET must exist.
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options
make a backup of each existing destination file
-b like –backup but does not accept an argument
-d, -F, –directory
allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories
(note: will probably fail due to system restrictions, even
for the superuser)
remove existing destination files
treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it
were a normal file
prompt whether to remove destinations
make symbolic links instead of hard links
override the usual backup suffix
specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links
treat LINK_NAME as a normal file
print name of each file before linking
–help display this help and exit
output version information and exit
The backup suffix is `~’, unless set with –suffix or SIM-
PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via
the –backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment vari-
able. Here are the values:
never make backups (even if –backup is given)
make numbered backups
numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
always make simple backups
Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.
Report bugs to
Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the
terms of the GNU General Public License
the extent permitted by law.
The full documentation for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If
the info and ln programs are properly installed at your site, the
should give you access to the complete manual.
ln 5.97 January 2009 LN(1)